Laravel Queue

Queue::push('SendMail', array('message' => $message));
Queue::push('SendEmail@send', array('message' => $message));
Queue::push(function($job) use $id {});

Same payload to multiple workers

Queue::bulk(array('SendEmail', 'NotifyUser'), $payload);

Starting the queue listener

php artisan queue:listen
php artisan queue:listen connection
php artisan queue:listen --timeout=60

Process only the first job on the queue

php artisan queue:work

Start a queue worker in daemon mode

php artisan queue:work --daemon

Create migration file for failed jobs

php artisan queue:failed-table

Listing failed jobs

php artisan queue:failed

Delete failed job by id

php artisan queue:forget 5

Delete all failed jobs

php artisan queue:flush

Laravel Redirect

return Redirect::to('foo/bar');
return Redirect::to('foo/bar')->with('key', 'value');
return Redirect::to('foo/bar')->withInput(Input::get());
return Redirect::to('foo/bar')->withInput(Input::except('password'));
return Redirect::to('foo/bar')->withErrors($validator);

Create a new redirect response to the previous location

return Redirect::back();

Create a new redirect response to a named route

return Redirect::route('foobar');
return Redirect::route('foobar', array('value'));
return Redirect::route('foobar', array('key' => 'value'));

Create a new redirect response to a controller action

return Redirect::action('FooController@index');
return Redirect::action('FooController@baz', array('value'));
return Redirect::action('FooController@baz', array('key' => 'value'));

If intended redirect is not defined, defaults to foo/bar.

return Redirect::intended('foo/bar');

Laravel Route

Route::get('foo', function(){});
Route::get('foo', 'ControllerName@function');
Route::controller('foo', 'FooController');

RESTful Controllers

Route::resource('posts','PostsController');

Specify a subset of actions to handle on the route

Route::resource('photo', 'PhotoController',['only' => ['index', 'show']]);
Route::resource('photo', 'PhotoController',['except' => ['update', 'destroy']]);

Triggering Errors

App::abort(404);
$handler->missing(...) in ErrorServiceProvider::boot();
throw new NotFoundHttpException;

Route Parameters

Route::get('foo/{bar}', function($bar){});
Route::get('foo/{bar?}', function($bar = 'bar'){});

HTTP Verbs

Route::any('foo', function(){});
Route::post('foo', function(){});
Route::put('foo', function(){});
Route::patch('foo', function(){});
Route::delete('foo', function(){});

RESTful actions

Route::resource('foo', 'FooController');

Registering A Route For Multiple Verbs

Route::match(['get', 'post'], '/', function(){});

Secure Routes(TBD)

Route::get('foo', array('https', function(){}));

Route Constraints

Route::get('foo/{bar}', function($bar){})
->where('bar', '[0-9]+');
Route::get('foo/{bar}/{baz}', function($bar, $baz){})
->where(array('bar' => '[0-9]+', 'baz' => '[A-Za-z]'))

Set a pattern to be used across routes

Route::pattern('bar', '[0-9]+')

HTTP Middleware

Assigning Middleware To Routes

Route::get('admin/profile', ['middleware' => 'auth', function(){}]);

Named Routes

Route::currentRouteName();
Route::get('foo/bar', array('as' => 'foobar', function(){}));
Route::get('user/profile', [
  'as' => 'profile', 'uses' => 'UserController@showProfile'
]);
$url = route('profile');
$redirect = redirect()->route('profile');

Route Prefixing

Route::group(['prefix' => 'admin'], function()
{
  Route::get('users', function(){
      return 'Matches The "/admin/users" URL';
  });
});

Route Namespacing

This route group will carry the namespace ‘Foo\Bar’

Route::group(array('namespace' => 'Foo\Bar'), function(){})

Sub-Domain Routing

{sub} will be passed to the closure

Route::group(array('domain' => '{sub}.example.com'), function(){});

Laravel Config

Config::get('app.timezone');

get with Default value

Config::get('app.timezone', 'UTC');

set Configuration

Config::set('database.default', 'sqlite');

Laravel File

File::exists('path');
File::get('path');
File::getRemote('path');

Get a file’s contents by requiring it

File::getRequire('path');

Require the given file once

File::requireOnce('path');

Write the contents of a file

File::put('path', 'contents');

Append to a file

File::append('path', 'data');

Delete the file at a given path

File::delete('path');

Move a file to a new location

File::move('path', 'target');

Copy a file to a new location

File::copy('path', 'target');

Extract the file extension from a file path

File::extension('path');

Get the file type of a given file

File::type('path');

Get the file size of a given file

File::size('path');

Get the file’s last modification time

File::lastModified('path');

Determine if the given path is a directory

File::isDirectory('directory');

Determine if the given path is writable

File::isWritable('path');

Determine if the given path is a file

File::isFile('file');

Find path names matching a given pattern.

File::glob($patterns, $flag);

Get an array of all files in a directory.

File::files('directory');

Get all of the files from the given directory (recursive).

File::allFiles('directory');

Get all of the directories within a given directory.

File::directories('directory');

Create a directory

File::makeDirectory('path', $mode = 0777, $recursive = false);

Copy a directory from one location to another

File::copyDirectory('directory', 'destination', $options = null);

Recursively delete a directory

File::deleteDirectory('directory', $preserve = false);

Empty the specified directory of all files and folders

File::cleanDirectory('directory');

Lang

App::setLocale('en');
Lang::get('messages.welcome');
Lang::get('messages.welcome', array('foo' => 'Bar'));
Lang::has('messages.welcome');
Lang::choice('messages.apples', 10);

Lang::get alias

trans('messages.welcome');

Laravel SSH

Executing Commands

SSH::run(array $commands);
SSH::into($remote)->run(array $commands); 

specify remote, otherwise assumes default

SSH::run(array $commands, function($line)
{
  echo $line.PHP_EOL;
});

Tasks

define

SSH::define($taskName, array $commands);

execute

SSH::task($taskName, function($line)
{
  echo $line.PHP_EOL;
});

SFTP Uploads

SSH::put($localFile, $remotePath);
SSH::putString($string, $remotePath);

Laravel Cache

Cache::put('key', 'value', $minutes);
Cache::add('key', 'value', $minutes);
Cache::forever('key', 'value');
Cache::remember('key', $minutes, function(){ return 'value' });
Cache::rememberForever('key', function(){ return 'value' });
Cache::forget('key');
Cache::has('key');
Cache::get('key');
Cache::get('key', 'default');
Cache::get('key', function(){ return 'default'; });
Cache::tags('my-tag')->put('key','value', $minutes);
Cache::tags('my-tag')->has('key');
Cache::tags('my-tag')->get('key');
Cache::tags('my-tag')->forget('key');
Cache::tags('my-tag')->flush();
Cache::increment('key');
Cache::increment('key', $amount);
Cache::decrement('key');
Cache::decrement('key', $amount);
Cache::section('group')->put('key', $value);
Cache::section('group')->get('key');
Cache::section('group')->flush();

Laravel HTML

HTML::macro('name', function(){});

Convert an HTML string to entities

HTML::entities($value);

Convert entities to HTML characters

HTML::decode($value);

Generate a link to a JavaScript file

HTML::script($url, $attributes);

Generate a link to a CSS file

HTML::style($url, $attributes);

Generate an HTML image element

HTML::image($url, $alt, $attributes);

Generate a HTML link

HTML::link($url, 'title', $attributes, $secure);

Generate a HTTPS HTML link

HTML::secureLink($url, 'title', $attributes);

Generate a HTML link to an asset

HTML::linkAsset($url, 'title', $attributes, $secure);

Generate a HTTPS HTML link to an asset

HTML::linkSecureAsset($url, 'title', $attributes);

Generate a HTML link to a named route

HTML::linkRoute($name, 'title', $parameters, $attributes);

Generate a HTML link to a controller action

HTML::linkAction($action, 'title', $parameters, $attributes);

Generate a HTML link to an email address

HTML::mailto($email, 'title', $attributes);

Obfuscate an e-mail address to prevent spam-bots from sniffing it

HTML::email($email);

Generate an ordered list of items

HTML::ol($list, $attributes);

Generate an un-ordered list of items

HTML::ul($list, $attributes);

Create a listing HTML element

HTML::listing($type, $list, $attributes);

Create the HTML for a listing element

HTML::listingElement($key, $type, $value);

Create the HTML for a nested listing attribute

HTML::nestedListing($key, $type, $value);

Build an HTML attribute string from an array

HTML::attributes($attributes);

Build a single attribute element

HTML::attributeElement($key, $value);

Obfuscate a string to prevent spam-bots from sniffing it

HTML::obfuscate($value);

Laravel Model

Basic Usage

Defining An Eloquent Model

class User extends Model {}

generate Eloquent models

php artisan make:model User

specify a custom table name

class User extends Model {
    protected $table = 'my_users';
}

More

Model::create(array('key' => 'value'));

Find first matching record by attributes or create

Model::firstOrCreate(array('key' => 'value'));

Find first record by attributes or instantiate

Model::firstOrNew(array('key' => 'value'));

Create or update a record matching attibutes, and fill with values

Model::updateOrCreate(array('search_key' => 'search_value'), array('key' => 'value'));

Fill a model with an array of attributes, beware of mass assignment!

Model::fill($attributes);
Model::destroy(1);
Model::all();
Model::find(1);

Find using dual primary key

Model::find(array('first', 'last'));

Throw an exception if the lookup fails

Model::findOrFail(1);

Find using dual primary key and throw exception if the lookup fails

Model::findOrFail(array('first', 'last'));
Model::where('foo', '=', 'bar')->get();
Model::where('foo', '=', 'bar')->first();

dynamic

Model::whereFoo('bar')->first();

Throw an exception if the lookup fails

Model::where('foo', '=', 'bar')->firstOrFail();
Model::where('foo', '=', 'bar')->count();
Model::where('foo', '=', 'bar')->delete();

Output raw query

Model::where('foo', '=', 'bar')->toSql();
Model::whereRaw('foo = bar and cars = 2', array(20))->get();
Model::remember(5)->get();
Model::remember(5, 'cache-key-name')->get();
Model::cacheTags('my-tag')->remember(5)->get();
Model::cacheTags(array('my-first-key','my-second-key'))->remember(5)->get();
Model::on('connection-name')->find(1);
Model::with('relation')->get();
Model::all()->take(10);
Model::all()->skip(10);

Default Eloquent sort is ascendant

Model::all()->orderBy('column');
Model::all()->orderBy('column','desc');

Soft Delete

Model::withTrashed()->where('cars', 2)->get();

Include the soft deleted models in the results

Model::withTrashed()->where('cars', 2)->restore();
Model::where('cars', 2)->forceDelete();

Force the result set to only included soft deletes

Model::onlyTrashed()->where('cars', 2)->get();

Events

Model::creating(function($model){});
Model::created(function($model){});
Model::updating(function($model){});
Model::updated(function($model){});
Model::saving(function($model){});
Model::saved(function($model){});
Model::deleting(function($model){});
Model::deleted(function($model){});
Model::observe(new FooObserver);

Eloquent Configuration

Disables mass assignment exceptions from being thrown from model inserts and updates

Eloquent::unguard();

Renables any ability to throw mass assignment exceptions

Eloquent::reguard();

Laravel DB Cheat Sheet

Basic Database Usage

DB::connection('connection_name');

Running A Select Query

$results = DB::select('select * from users where id = ?', [1]);
$results = DB::select('select * from users where id = :id', ['id' => 1]);

Running A General Statement

DB::statement('drop table users');

Listening For Query Events

DB::listen(function($sql, $bindings, $time){ code_here; });

Database Transactions

DB::transaction(function()
{
DB::table('users')->update(['votes' => 1]);
DB::table('posts')->delete();
});
DB::beginTransaction();
DB::rollback();
DB::commit();

Laravel Query Builder

Retrieving All Rows From A Table

DB::table('name')->get();

Chunking Results From A Table

DB::table('users')->chunk(100, function($users) {
 foreach ($users as $user) { //} 
});

Retrieving A Single Row From A Table

$user = DB::table('users')->where('name', 'John')->first();
DB::table('name')->first();

Retrieving A Single Column From A Row

$name = DB::table('users')->where('name', 'John')->pluck('name');
DB::table('name')->pluck('column');

Retrieving A List Of Column Values

$roles = DB::table('roles')->lists('title');
$roles = DB::table('roles')->lists('title', 'name');

Specifying A Select Clause

$users = DB::table('users')->select('name', 'email')->get();
$users = DB::table('users')->distinct()->get();
$users = DB::table('users')->select('name as user_name')->get();

Adding A Select Clause To An Existing Query

$query = DB::table('users')->select('name');
$users = $query->addSelect('age')->get();

Using Where Operators

$users = DB::table('users')->where('votes', '>', 100)->get();
$users = DB::table('users')
->where('votes', '>', 100)
->orWhere('name', 'John')
->get();
$users = DB::table('users')
->whereBetween('votes', [1, 100])->get();
$users = DB::table('users')
->whereNotBetween('votes', [1, 100])->get();
$users = DB::table('users')
->whereIn('id', [1, 2, 3])->get();
$users = DB::table('users')
->whereNotIn('id', [1, 2, 3])->get();
$users = DB::table('users')
->whereNull('updated_at')->get();
DB::table('name')->whereNotNull('column')->get();

Dynamic Where Clauses

$admin = DB::table('users')->whereId(1)->first();
$john = DB::table('users')
->whereIdAndEmail(2, 'john@doe.com')
->first();
$jane = DB::table('users')
->whereNameOrAge('Jane', 22)
->first();

Order By, Group By, And Having

$users = DB::table('users')
->orderBy('name', 'desc')
->groupBy('count')
->having('count', '>', 100)
->get();
DB::table('name')->orderBy('column')->get();
DB::table('name')->orderBy('column','desc')->get();
DB::table('name')->having('count', '>', 100)->get();

Offset & Limit

$users = DB::table('users')->skip(10)->take(5)->get();

Laravel Joins

Basic Join Statement

DB::table('users')
          ->join('contacts', 'users.id', '=', 'contacts.user_id')
          ->join('orders', 'users.id', '=', 'orders.user_id')
          ->select('users.id', 'contacts.phone', 'orders.price')
          ->get();

Left Join Statement

DB::table('users')
      ->leftJoin('posts', 'users.id', '=', 'posts.user_id')
      ->get();

select * from users where name = ‘John’ or (votes > 100 and title <> ‘Admin’)

DB::table('users')
          ->where('name', '=', 'John')
          ->orWhere(function($query)
          {
              $query->where('votes', '>', 100)
                    ->where('title', '<>', 'Admin');
          })
          ->get();

Laravel Aggregates

$users = DB::table('users')->count();
$price = DB::table('orders')->max('price');
$price = DB::table('orders')->min('price');
$price = DB::table('orders')->avg('price');
$total = DB::table('users')->sum('votes');

DB::table('name')->remember(5)->get();
DB::table('name')->remember(5, 'cache-key-name')->get();
DB::table('name')->cacheTags('my-key')->remember(5)->get();
DB::table('name')->cacheTags(array('my-first-key','my-second-key'))->remember(5)->get();

Laravel Raw Expressions 

$users = DB::table('users')
                   ->select(DB::raw('count(*) as user_count, status'))
                   ->where('status', '<>', 1)
                   ->groupBy('status')
                   ->get();

return rows

DB::select('select * from users where id = ?', array('value'));

return nr affected rows

DB::insert('insert into foo set bar=2');
DB::update('update foo set bar=2');
DB::delete('delete from bar');

returns void

DB::statement('update foo set bar=2');

raw expression inside a statement

DB::table('name')->select(DB::raw('count(*) as count, column2'))->get();

Laravel Inserts / Updates / Deletes / Unions / Pessimistic Locking

Inserts

DB::table('users')->insert(
  ['email' => 'john@example.com', 'votes' => 0]
);
$id = DB::table('users')->insertGetId(
  ['email' => 'john@example.com', 'votes' => 0]
);
DB::table('users')->insert([
  ['email' => 'taylor@example.com', 'votes' => 0],
  ['email' => 'dayle@example.com', 'votes' => 0]
]);

Updates

DB::table('users')
          ->where('id', 1)
          ->update(['votes' => 1]);
DB::table('users')->increment('votes');
DB::table('users')->increment('votes', 5);
DB::table('users')->decrement('votes');
DB::table('users')->decrement('votes', 5);
DB::table('users')->increment('votes', 1, ['name' => 'John']);

Deletes

DB::table('users')->where('votes', '<', 100)->delete();
DB::table('users')->delete();
DB::table('users')->truncate();

Unions. The unionAll() method is also available, and has the same method signature as union.

$first = DB::table('users')->whereNull('first_name');
$users = DB::table('users')->whereNull('last_name')->union($first)->get();

Pessimistic Locking

DB::table('users')->where('votes', '>', 100)->sharedLock()->get();
DB::table('users')->where('votes', '>', 100)->lockForUpdate()->get();

Laravel Validation

Validator::make(
    array('key' => 'Foo'),
    array('key' => 'required|in:Foo')
);
Validator::extend('foo', function($attribute, $value, $params){});
Validator::extend('foo', 'FooValidator@validate');
Validator::resolver(function($translator, $data, $rules, $msgs)
{
    return new FooValidator($translator, $data, $rules, $msgs);
});

Laravel Rules

accepted
active_url
after:YYYY-MM-DD
before:YYYY-MM-DD
alpha
alpha_dash
alpha_num
array
between:1,10
confirmed
date
date_format:YYYY-MM-DD
different:fieldname
digits:value
digits_between:min,max
boolean
email
exists:table,column
image
in:foo,bar,...
not_in:foo,bar,...
integer
numeric
ip
max:value
min:value
mimes:jpeg,png
regex:[0-9]
required
required_if:field,value
required_with:foo,bar,...
required_with_all:foo,bar,...
required_without:foo,bar,...
required_without_all:foo,bar,...
same:field
size:value
timezone
unique:table,column,except,idColumn
url

Laravel View

View::make('path/to/view');
View::make('foo/bar')->with('key', 'value');
View::make('foo/bar')->withKey('value');
View::make('foo/bar', array('key' => 'value'));
View::exists('foo/bar');

Share a value across all views

View::share('key', 'value');

Nesting views

View::make('foo/bar')->nest('name', 'foo/baz', $data);

Register a view composer

View::composer('viewname', function($view){});

Register multiple views to a composer

View::composer(array('view1', 'view2'), function($view){});

Register a composer class

View::composer('viewname', 'FooComposer');
View::creator('viewname', function($view){});

Laravel Blade

Show a section in a template

@yield('name')
@extends('layout.name')

Begin a section

@section('name')

End a section

@stop

End a section and yield

@section('sidebar')
@show
@parent
@include('view.name')
@include('view.name', array('key' => 'value'));
@lang('messages.name')
@choice('messages.name', 1);
@if
@else
@elseif
@endif
@unless
@endunless
@for
@endfor
@foreach
@endforeach
@while
@endwhile

forelse 4.2 feature

@forelse($users as $user)
@empty
@endforelse

Echo content

{{ $var }}

Echo escaped content

{{{ $var }}}

Echo unescaped content; 5.0 feature

{!! $var !!}
{{-- Blade Comment --}}

Echoing Data After Checking For Existence

{{{ $name or 'Default' }}}

Displaying Raw Text With Curly Braces

@{{ This will not be processed by Blade }}

Laravel Mail

Mail::send('email.view', $data, function($message){});
Mail::send(array('html.view', 'text.view'), $data, $callback);
Mail::queue('email.view', $data, function($message){});
Mail::queueOn('queue-name', 'email.view', $data, $callback);
Mail::later(5, 'email.view', $data, function($message){});

Write all email to logs instead of sending

Mail::pretend();

Laravel Session

Session::get('key');

Returns an item from the session

Session::get('key', 'default');
Session::get('key', function(){ return 'default'; });

Get the session ID

Session::getId();

Put a key / value pair in the session

Session::put('key', 'value');

Push a value into an array in the session

Session::push('foo.bar','value');

Returns all items from the session

Session::all();

Checks if an item is defined

Session::has('key');

Remove an item from the session

Session::forget('key');

Remove all of the items from the session

Session::flush();

Generate a new session identifier

Session::regenerate();

Flash a key / value pair to the session

Session::flash('key', 'value');

Reflash all of the session flash data

Session::reflash();

Reflash a subset of the current flash data

Session::keep(array('key1', 'key2'));

Laravel Response

return Response::make($contents);
return Response::make($contents, 200);
return Response::json(array('key' => 'value'));
return Response::json(array('key' => 'value'))
->setCallback(Input::get('callback'));
return Response::download($filepath);
return Response::download($filepath, $filename, $headers);

Create a response and modify a header value

$response = Response::make($contents, 200);
$response->header('Content-Type', 'application/json');
return $response;

Attach a cookie to a response

return Response::make($content)
->withCookie(Cookie::make('key', 'value'));

Laravel Event

Event::fire('foo.bar', array($bar));

Register an event listener with the dispatcher. void listen(string|array $events, mixed $listener, int $priority)

Event::listen('App\Events\UserSignup', function($bar){});
Event::listen('foo.*', function($bar){});
Event::listen('foo.bar', 'FooHandler', 10);
Event::listen('foo.bar', 'BarHandler', 5);

Stopping The Propagation Of An Event. You may do so using it by returning false from your handler.

Event::listen('foor.bar', function($event){ return false; });
Event::subscribe('UserEventHandler');

Laravel Input

Input::get('key');

Default if the key is missing

Input::get('key', 'default');
Input::has('key');
Input::all();

Only retrieve ‘foo’ and ‘bar’ when getting input

Input::only('foo', 'bar');

Disregard ‘foo’ when getting input

Input::except('foo');
Input::flush();

Laravel Session Input (flash)

Flash input to the session

Input::flash();

Flash only some of the input to the session

Input::flashOnly('foo', 'bar');

Flash only some of the input to the session

Input::flashExcept('foo', 'baz');

Retrieve an old input item

Input::old('key','default_value');

Laravel Files

Use a file that’s been uploaded

Input::file('filename');

Determine if a file was uploaded

Input::hasFile('filename');

Access file properties

Input::file('name')->getRealPath();
Input::file('name')->getClientOriginalName();
Input::file('name')->getClientOriginalExtension();
Input::file('name')->getSize();
Input::file('name')->getMimeType();

Move an uploaded file

Input::file('name')->move($destinationPath);

Move an uploaded file

Input::file('name')->move($destinationPath, $fileName);

Laravel URL

URL::full();
URL::current();
URL::previous();
URL::to('foo/bar', $parameters, $secure);
URL::action('NewsController@item', ['id'=>123]);

need be in appropriate namespace

URL::action('Auth\AuthController@logout');
URL::action('FooController@method', $parameters, $absolute);
URL::route('foo', $parameters, $absolute);
URL::secure('foo/bar', $parameters);
URL::asset('css/foo.css', $secure);
URL::secureAsset('css/foo.css');
URL::isValidUrl('http://example.com');
URL::getRequest();
URL::setRequest($request);

Laravel Log

The logger provides the seven logging levels defined in RFC 5424: debug, info, notice, warning, error, critical, and alert.

Log::info('info');
Log::info('info',array('context'=>'additional info'));
Log::error('error');
Log::warning('warning');

get monolog instance

Log::getMonolog();

add listener

Log::listen(function($level, $message, $context) {});

Laravel Query Logging

enable the log

DB::connection()->enableQueryLog();

get an array of the executed queries

DB::getQueryLog();

Laravel Environment

$environment = app()->environment(); 
$environment = App::environment(); 
$environment = $app->environment(); 

The environment is local

if ($app->environment('local')){}

The environment is either local OR staging…

if ($app->environment('local', 'staging')){}

Laravel String

Transliterate a UTF-8 value to ASCII

Str::ascii($value)
Str::camel($value)
Str::contains($haystack, $needle)
Str::endsWith($haystack, $needles)

Cap a string with a single instance of a given value.

Str::finish($value, $cap)
Str::is($pattern, $value)
Str::length($value)
Str::limit($value, $limit = 100, $end = '…')
Str::lower($value)
Str::words($value, $words = 100, $end = '…')
Str::plural($value, $count = 2)

Generate a more truly “random” alpha-numeric string.

Str::random($length = 16)

Generate a “random” alpha-numeric string.

Str::quickRandom($length = 16)
Str::upper($value)
Str::title($value)
Str::singular($value)
Str::slug($title, $separator = '-')
Str::snake($value, $delimiter = '_')
Str::startsWith($haystack, $needles)

Convert a value to studly caps case.

Str::studly($value)
Str::macro($name, $macro)

Laravel Composer Command

composer create-project laravel/laravel folder_name
composer install
composer update
composer dump-autoload [--optimize]
composer self-update
composer require [options] [--] [vender/packages]…

Laravel Artisan

php artisan make:policy PostPolicyAdded in
php artisan --help
OR -h
Displays help for a given command
php artisan --quiet
OR -q
Do not output any message
php artisan --version
OR -V
Display this application version
php artisan –no-interaction
OR -n
Do not ask any interactive question
php artisan --ansiForce ANSI output
php artisan --no-ansiDisable ANSI output
php artisan --envThe environment the command should run under
php artisan --verbose-v|vv|vvv Increase the verbosity of messages: 1 for normal output, 2 for more verbose output and 3 for debug
php artisan clear-compiledRemove the compiled class file
php artisan envDisplay the current framework environment
php artisan helpDisplays help for a command
php artisan listLists commands
php artisan tinkerInteract with your application
php artisan downPut the application into maintenance mode
php artisan upBring the application out of maintenance mode
php artisan optimize [--force] [--psr]Optimize the framework for better performance
--force Force the compiled class file to be
--psr Do not optimize Composer dump-autoload.
php artisan serveServe the application on the PHP development server
php artisan serve --port 8080Change the default port
php artisan serve --host 0.0.0.0Get it to work outside localhost
php artisan app:name namespaceSet the application namespace
php artisan auth:clear-resetsFlush expired password reset tokens
php artisan cache:clearFlush the application cache
php artisan cache:tableCreate a migration for the cache database table
php artisan config:cacheCreate a cache file for faster configuration loading
php artisan config:clearRemove the configuration cache file
$exitCode = Artisan::call('config:cache');In program
php artisan db:seed [--class[="..."]] [--database[="..."]] [--force]Seed the database with records
--class The class name of the root seeder (default: “DatabaseSeeder”)
--database The database connection to seed
--force Force the operation to run when in production.
php artisan event:generateGenerate the missing events and handlers based on registration
php artisan handler:command [--command="..."] nameCreate a new command handler class
--command The command class the handler handles.
php artisan handler:event [--event="..."] [--queued] nameCreate a new event handler class
--event The event class the handler handles.
--queued Indicates the event handler should be queued.
php artisan key:generateSet the application key
php artisan make:command [--handler] [--queued] nameBy default, this creates a self-handling command that isn’t pushed to the queue. Pass this the --handler flag to generate a handler, and the --queued flag to make it queued.
make:console [--command[="..."]] nameCreate a new Artisan command
--command The terminal command should be assigned. (default: “command:name”)
php artisan make:controller [--plain] nameCreate a new resourceful controller
--plain Generate an empty controller class.
php artisan make:event nameCreate a new event class
php artisan make:middleware nameCreate a new middleware class
php artisan make:migration [--create[="..."]] [--table[="..."]] nameCreate a new migration file
--create The table to be created.
--table The table to migrate.
php artisan make:model nameCreate a new Eloquent model class
php artisan make:provider nameCreate a new service provider class
php artisan make:request nameCreate a new form request class
php artisan migrate [--database[="..."]] [--force] [--path[="..."]] [--pretend] [--seed]Database migrations
--database The database connection to use.
--force Force the operation to run when in production.
--path The path of migrations files to be executed.
--pretend Dump the SQL queries that would be run.
--seed Indicates if the seed task should be re-run.
php artisan migrate:install [--database[="..."]]Create the migration repository
php artisan migrate:refresh [--database[="..."]] [--force] [--seed] [--seeder[="..."]]Create a new migration file
--seeder The class name of the root seeder.
php artisan migrate:reset [--database[="..."]] [--force] [--pretend]Rollback all database migrations
--pretend Dump the SQL queries that would be run.
php artisan migrate:rollback [--database[="..."]] [--force] [--pretend]Rollback the last database migration
php artisan migrate:statusShow a list of migrations up/down
php artisan queue:tableCreate a migration for the queue jobs database table
php artisan queue:listen [--queue[="..."]] [--delay[="..."]] [--memory[="..."]] [--timeout[="..."]] [--sleep[="..."]] [--tries[="..."]] [connection]Listen to a given queue
--queue The queue to listen on
--delay Amount of time to delay failed jobs (default: 0)
--memory The memory limit in megabytes (default: 128)
--timeout Seconds a job may run before timing out (default: 60)
--sleep Seconds to wait before checking queue for jobs (default: 3)
--tries Number of times to attempt a job before logging it failed (default: 0)
php artisan queue:failedList all of the failed queue jobs
php artisan queue:failed-tableCreate a migration for the failed queue jobs database table
php artisan queue:flushFlush all of the failed queue jobs
php artisan queue:forgetDelete a failed queue job
php artisan queue:restartRestart queue worker daemons after their current job
php artisan queue:retry idRetry a failed queue job(id: The ID of the failed job)
php artisan queue:subscribe [--type[="..."]] queue urlSubscribe a URL to an Iron.io push queue
queue: The name of Iron.io queue.
url: The URL to be subscribed.
--type The push type for the queue.
php artisan queue:work [--queue[="..."]] [--daemon] [--delay[="..."]] [--force] [--memory[="..."]] [--sleep[="..."]] [--tries[="..."]] [connection]Process the next job on a queue
--queue The queue to listen on
--daemon Run the worker in daemon mode
--delay Amount of time to delay failed jobs (default: 0)
--force Force the worker to run even in maintenance mode
--memory The memory limit in megabytes (default: 128)
--sleep Number of seconds to sleep when no job is available (default: 3)
--tries Number of times to attempt a job before logging it failed (default: 0)
php artisan route:cacheCreate a route cache file for faster route registration
php artisan route:clearRemove the route cache file
php artisan route:listList all registered routes
php artisan schedule:runRun the scheduled commands
php artisan session:tableCreate a migration for the session database table
php artisan vendor:publish [--force] [--provider[="..."]] [--tag[="..."]] php artisan tail [--path[="..."]] [--lines[="..."]] [connection]Publish any publishable assets from vendor packages
--force Overwrite any existing files.
--provider The service provider that has assets you want to publish.
--tag The tag that has assets you want to publish.

Laravel Cookie

Cookie::get('key');
Cookie::get('key', 'default');

Create a cookie that lasts for ever

Cookie::forever('key', 'value');
Create a cookie that lasts N minutes
Cookie::make('key', 'value', 'minutes');

Set a cookie before a response has been created

Cookie::queue('key', 'value', 'minutes');

Forget cookie

Cookie::forget('key');

Send a cookie with a response

$response = Response::make('Hello World');

Add a cookie to the response

$response->withCookie(Cookie::make('name', 'value', $minutes));

Laravel Messages

These can be used on the $message instance passed into Mail::send() or Mail::queue()

$message->from('email@example.com', 'Mr. Example');
$message->sender('email@example.com', 'Mr. Example');
$message->returnPath('email@example.com');
$message->to('email@example.com', 'Mr. Example');
$message->cc('email@example.com', 'Mr. Example');
$message->bcc('email@example.com', 'Mr. Example');
$message->replyTo('email@example.com', 'Mr. Example');
$message->subject('Welcome to the Jungle');
$message->priority(2);
$message->attach('foo\bar.txt', $options);

This uses in-memory data as attachments

$message->attachData('bar', 'Data Name', $options);

Embed a file in the message and get the CID

$message->embed('foo\bar.txt');
$message->embedData('foo', 'Data Name', $options);

Get the underlying Swift Message instance

$message->getSwiftMessage();

Laravel Security

Hashing

Hash::make('secretpassword');
Hash::check('secretpassword', $hashedPassword);
Hash::needsRehash($hashedPassword);

Encryption

Crypt::encrypt('secretstring');
Crypt::decrypt($encryptedString);
Crypt::setMode('ctr');
Crypt::setCipher($cipher);

Laravel Schema

Indicate that the table needs to be created

Schema::create('table', function($table) { 
    $table->increments('id'); 
});

Specify a Connection

Schema::connection('foo')->create('table', function($table){});

Rename the table to a given name

Schema::rename($from, $to);

Indicate that the table should be dropped

Schema::drop('table');

Indicate that the table should be dropped if it exists

Schema::dropIfExists('table');

Determine if the given table exists

Schema::hasTable('table');

Determine if the given table has a given column

Schema::hasColumn('table', 'column');

Update an existing table

Schema::table('table', function($table){});

Indicate that the given columns should be renamed

$table->renameColumn('from', 'to');

Indicate that the given columns should be dropped

$table->dropColumn(string|array);

The storage engine that should be used for the table

$table->engine = 'InnoDB';

Only work on MySQL

$table->string('name')->after('email');

Laravel Indexes

$table->string('column')->unique();
$table->primary('column');

Creates a dual primary key

$table->primary(array('first', 'last'));
$table->unique('column');
$table->unique('column', 'key_name');

Creates a dual unique index

$table->unique(array('first', 'last'));
$table->unique(array('first', 'last'), 'key_name');
$table->index('column');
$table->index('column', 'key_name');

Creates a dual index

$table->index(array('first', 'last'));
$table->index(array('first', 'last'), 'key_name');
$table->dropPrimary('table_column_primary');
$table->dropUnique('table_column_unique');
$table->dropIndex('table_column_index');

Laravel Foreign Keys

$table->foreign('user_id')->references('id')->on('users');
$table->foreign('user_id')->references('id')->on('users')->onDelete('cascade'|'restrict'|'set null'|'no action');
$table->foreign('user_id')->references('id')->on('users')->onUpdate('cascade'|'restrict'|'set null'|'no action');
$table->dropForeign('posts_user_id_foreign');

Laravel Column Types

Increments

$table->increments('id');
$table->bigIncrements('id');

Numbers

$table->integer('votes');
$table->tinyInteger('votes');
$table->smallInteger('votes');
$table->mediumInteger('votes');
$table->bigInteger('votes');
$table->float('amount');
$table->double('column', 15, 8);
$table->decimal('amount', 5, 2);

String and Text

$table->char('name', 4);
$table->string('email');
$table->string('name', 100);
$table->text('description');
$table->mediumText('description');
$table->longText('description');

Date and Time

$table->date('created_at');
$table->dateTime('created_at');
$table->time('sunrise');
$table->timestamp('added_on');

Adds created_at and updated_at columns

$table->timestamps();
$table->nullableTimestamps();

Others

$table->binary('data');
$table->boolean('confirmed');

Adds deleted_at column for soft deletes

$table->softDeletes();
$table->enum('choices', array('foo', 'bar'));

Adds remember_token as VARCHAR(100) NULL

$table->rememberToken();

Adds INTEGER parent_id and STRING parent_type

$table->morphs('parent');
->nullable()
->default($value)
->unsigned()

Laravel Request

url: http://xx.com/aa/bb

Request::url();

path: /aa/bb

Request::path();

getRequestUri: /aa/bb/?c=d

Request::getRequestUri();

Returns user’s IP

Request::getClientIp();

getUri: http://xx.com/aa/bb/?c=d

Request::getUri();

getQueryString: c=d

Request::getQueryString();

Get the port scheme of the request (e.g., 80, 443, etc.)

Request::getPort();

Determine if the current request URI matches a pattern

Request::is('foo/*');

Get a segment from the URI (1 based index)

Request::segment(1);

Retrieve a header from the request

Request::header('Content-Type');

Retrieve a server variable from the request

Request::server('PATH_INFO');

Determine if the request is the result of an AJAX call

Request::ajax();

Determine if the request is over HTTPS

Request::secure();

Get the request method

Request::method();

Checks if the request method is of specified type

Request::isMethod('post');

Get raw POST data

Request::instance()->getContent();

Get requested response format

Request::format();

true if HTTP Content-Type header contains */json

Request::isJson();

true if HTTP Accept header is application/json

Request::wantsJson();

Laravel Container

App::bind('foo', function($app){ return new Foo; });
App::make('foo');

If this class exists, it’s returned

App::make('FooBar');

Register a shared binding in the container

App::singleton('foo', function(){ return new Foo; });

Register an existing instance as shared in the container

App::instance('foo', new Foo);

Register a binding with the container

App::bind('FooRepositoryInterface', 'BarRepository');

Register a service provider with the application

App::register('FooServiceProvider');

Listen for object resolution

App::resolving(function($object){});

Laravel Auth

Laravel Authentication

Determine if the current user is authenticated

Auth::check();

Get the currently authenticated user

Auth::user();

Get the ID of the currently authenticated user

Auth::id();

Attempt to authenticate a user using the given credentials

Auth::attempt(array('email' => $email, 'password' => $password));

‘Remember me’ by passing true to Auth::attempt()

Auth::attempt($credentials, true);

Log in for a single request

Auth::once($credentials);

Log a user into the application

Auth::login(User::find(1));

Log the given user ID into the application

Auth::loginUsingId(1);

Log the user out of the application

Auth::logout();

Validate a user’s credentials

Auth::validate($credentials);

Attempt to authenticate using HTTP Basic Auth

Auth::basic('username');

Perform a stateless HTTP Basic login attempt

Auth::onceBasic();

Send a password reminder to a user

Password::remind($credentials, function($message, $user){});

Laravel Authorization

Define abilities

Gate::define('update-post', 'Class@method');
Gate::define('update-post', function ($user, $post) {…});

Passing multiple argument

Gate::define('delete-comment', function ($user, $post, $comment) {});

Check abilities

Gate::denies('update-post', $post);
Gate::allows('update-post', $post);
Gate::check('update-post', $post);

Specified a user for checking

Gate::forUser($user)->allows('update-post', $post);

Through User model, using Authorizable trait

User::find(1)->can('update-post', $post);
User::find(1)->cannot('update-post', $post);

Intercepting Authorization Checks

Gate::before(function ($user, $ability) {});
Gate::after(function ($user, $ability) {});

Chekcing in Blade template

@can('update-post', $post)
@endcan
// with else@can('update-post', $post)
@else
@endcan

Generate a Policy

php artisan make:policy PostPolicy

`policy` helper function

policy($post)->update($user, $post)

Controller Authorization

$this->authorize('update', $post);

for $user

$this->authorizeForUser($user, 'update', $post);

Laravel Auth Cheat Sheet

Authentication

Determine if the current user is authenticated

Auth::check();

Get the currently authenticated user

Auth::user();

Get the ID of the currently authenticated user

Auth::id();

Attempt to authenticate a user using the given credentials

Auth::attempt(array('email' => $email, 'password' => $password));

‘Remember me’ by passing true to Auth::attempt()

Auth::attempt($credentials, true);

Log in for a single request

Auth::once($credentials);

Log a user into the application

Auth::login(User::find(1));

Log the given user ID into the application

Auth::loginUsingId(1);

Log the user out of the application

Auth::logout();

Validate a user’s credentials

Auth::validate($credentials);

Attempt to authenticate using HTTP Basic Auth

Auth::basic('username');

Perform a stateless HTTP Basic login attempt

Auth::onceBasic();

Send a password reminder to a user

Password::remind($credentials, function($message, $user){});

Authorization

Define abilities

Gate::define('update-post', 'Class@method');
Gate::define('update-post', function ($user, $post) {…});

Passing multiple argument

Gate::define('delete-comment', function ($user, $post, $comment) {});

Check abilities

Gate::denies('update-post', $post);
Gate::allows('update-post', $post);
Gate::check('update-post', $post);

Specified a user for checking

Gate::forUser($user)->allows('update-post', $post);

Through User model, using Authorizable trait

User::find(1)->can('update-post', $post);
User::find(1)->cannot('update-post', $post);

Intercepting Authorization Checks

Gate::before(function ($user, $ability) {});
Gate::after(function ($user, $ability) {});

Chekcing in Blade template

@can('update-post', $post)
@endcan

with else

@can('update-post', $post)
@else
@endcan

Generate a Policy

php artisan make:policy PostPolicy

policy helper function

policy($post)->update($user, $post)

// Controller Authorization

$this->authorize('update', $post);

for $user

$this->authorizeForUser($user, 'update', $post);

Pagination

Auto-Magic Pagination

Model::paginate(15);
Model::where('cars', 2)->paginate(15);

“Next” and “Previous” only

Model::where('cars', 2)->simplePaginate(15);

Manual Paginator

Paginator::make($items, $totalItems, $perPage);

Print page navigators in view

$variable->links();

Laravel Form

Form::open(array('url' => 'foo/bar', 'method' => 'PUT'));
Form::open(array('route' => 'foo.bar'));
Form::open(array('route' => array('foo.bar', $parameter)));
Form::open(array('action' => 'FooController@method'));
Form::open(array('action' => array('FooController@method', $parameter)));
Form::open(array('url' => 'foo/bar', 'files' => true));
Form::close();
Form::token();
Form::model($foo, array('route' => array('foo.bar', $foo->bar)));

Form Elements

Form::label('id', 'Description');
Form::label('id', 'Description', array('class' => 'foo'));
Form::text('name');
Form::text('name', $value);
Form::text('name', $value, array('class' => 'name'));
Form::textarea('name');
Form::textarea('name', $value);
Form::textarea('name', $value, array('class' => 'name'));
Form::hidden('foo', $value);
Form::password('password');
Form::password('password', array('placeholder' => 'Password'));
Form::email('name', $value, array());
Form::file('name', array('class' => 'name'));
Form::checkbox('name', 'value');

Generating a checkbox that is checked

Form::checkbox('name', 'value', true, array('class' => 'name'));
Form::radio('name', 'value');

Generating a radio input that is selected

Form::radio('name', 'value', true, array('class' => 'name'));
Form::select('name', array('key' => 'value'));
Form::select('name', array('key' => 'value'), 'key', array('class' => 'name'));
Form::selectRange('range', 1, 10);
Form::selectYear('year', 2011, 2015);
Form::selectMonth('month');
Form::submit('Submit!', array('class' => 'name'));
Form::button('name', array('class' => 'name'));
Form::macro('fooField', function()
{
return '<input type="custom"/>';
});
Form::fooField();

Laravel Helper

Arrays

adds a given key / value pair to the array if the given key doesn’t already exist in the array

array_add($array, 'key', 'value');

collapse an array of arrays into a single array

array_collapse($array);

Divide an array into two arrays. One with keys and the other with values

array_divide($array);

Flatten a multi-dimensional associative array with dots

array_dot($array);

Get all of the given array except for a specified array of items

array_except($array, array('key'));

Return the first element in an array passing a given truth test

array_first($array, function($key, $value){}, $default);

Strips keys from the array

array_flatten($array);

Remove one or many array items from a given array using “dot” notation

array_forget($array, 'foo');

Dot notation

array_forget($array, 'foo.bar');

Get an item from an array using “dot” notation

array_get($array, 'foo', 'default');
array_get($array, 'foo.bar', 'default');

Checks that a given item exists in an array using “dot” notation

array_has($array, 'products.desk');

Get a subset of the items from the given array

array_only($array, array('key'));

Return array of key => values

array_pluck($array, 'key');

Return and remove ‘key’ from array

array_pull($array, 'key');

Set an array item to a given value using “dot” notation

array_set($array, 'key', 'value');

Dot notation

array_set($array, 'key.subkey', 'value');

Sorts the array by the results of the given Closure

array_sort($array, function(){});

Recursively sorts the array using the sort function

array_sort_recursive();

Filters the array using the given Closure

array_where();

First element of an array

head($array);

Last element of an array

last($array);

Paths

Fully qualified path to the app directory

app_path();

Get the path to the public folder

base_path();

Fully qualified path to the application configuration directory

config_path();

Fully qualified path to the application’s database directory

database_path();

Gets the path to the versioned Elixir file:

elixir();

Fully qualified path to the public directory

public_path();

Get the path to the storage folder

storage_path();

Strings

Convert a value to camel case

camel_case($value);

Get the class “basename” of the given object / class

class_basename($class);

Escape a string

e('');

Determine if a given string starts with a given substring

starts_with('Foo bar.', 'Foo');

Determine if a given string ends with a given substring

ends_with('Foo bar.', 'bar.');

Convert a string to snake case

snake_case('fooBar');

Limits the number of characters in a string

str_limit();

Determine if a given string contains a given substring

str_contains('Hello foo bar.', 'foo');

Result: foo/bar/

str_finish('foo/bar', '/');
str_is('foo*', 'foobar');
str_plural('car');
str_random(25);
str_singular('cars');
str_slug("Laravel 5 Framework", "-");

Result: FooBar

studly_case('foo_bar');
trans('foo.bar');
trans_choice('foo.bar', $count);

URLs and Links

action('FooController@method', $parameters);

HTML Link

asset('img/photo.jpg', $title, $attributes);

HTTPS link

secure_asset('img/photo.jpg', $title, $attributes);
route($route, $parameters, $absolute = true);
url('path', $parameters = array(), $secure = null);

Miscellaneous

Authenticator instance (Auth)

auth()->user();

Generates a redirect response to the user’s previous location

back();

Hashes the given value using Bcrypt (Hash)

bcrypt('my-secret-password');

Creates a collection instance from the supplied items

collect(['taylor', 'abigail']);

Gets the value of a configuration variable

config('app.timezone', $default);

Generates an HTML hidden input field containing the value of the CSRF token

{!! csrf_field() !!}

Retrieves the value of the current CSRF token

$token = csrf_token();

Dumps the given variable and ends execution of the script

dd($value);

Gets the value of an environment variable or returns a default value

$env = env('APP_ENV');
$env = env('APP_ENV', 'production');

Dispatches the given event to its listeners:

event(new UserRegistered($user));

Creates a model factory builder for a given class

$user = factory(App\User::class)->make();

Generates an HTML hidden input field containing the spoofed value of the form’s HTTP verb

{!! method_field('delete') !!}

Retrieves an old input value flashed into the session

$value = old('value');
$value = old('value', 'default');

Returns an instance of the redirector to do redirects:

return redirect('/home');

Returns the current request instance or obtains an input item

$value = request('key', $default = null)

Creates a response instance or obtains an instance of the response factory

return response('Hello World', 200, $headers);

Used to get / set a session value

$value = session('key');
$value = session()->get('key');
session()->put('key', $value);

Will simply return the value it is given.

value(function(){ return 'bar'; });

Retrieves a view instance

return view('auth.login');

Returns the value it is given

$value = with(new Foo)->work();